Tehsil Bahawalpur City

Bahawalpur Darbar Mahal Palace, Gulzar Mahal Palace, and Derawar Fort Ahmedpur East

Welcome to Tehsil Bahawalpur, a city in Pakistan’s Punjab region brimming with culture, history, and colorful customs. Renowned for its imperial past, Bahawalpur State is a monument to the region’s rich history, showcasing a tasteful fusion of modernism and antiquity. With its friendly and inviting atmosphere, this city has developed into a major center for both the arts and commerce.

The Tehsil Bahawalpur City functioned as the capital of the former princely state of Bahawalpur and was founded in the late 1700s by Nawab Mohammad Bahawal Khan. It has developed into a bustling metropolis over time, with a distinctive architectural tapestry that reflects its historical journey. Living tributes to the city’s royal past are the ruins of the princely era, like the Bahawalpur Museum and the Noor Mahal, Darbar Mahal.

Bahawalpur is a mingling pot of many cultures and customs in addition to being a historical landmark treasure trove. Visitors are immersed in an immersive experience by the bustling bazaars, where the air is filled with the fragrances of spices and the vivid colors of traditional attire. Because of its advantageous location along historic trade routes, the city has a vibrant environment and is a hub for tourism, education, and business.

Discovering Bahawalpur will show you a city that embraces the modern while cherishing its heritage. Discover the stories of grandeur and resiliency of Bahawalpur, from the calm Gulzar Mahal to the enchanted Derawar Fort, which stands tall in the Cholistan Desert. Come along with us as we explore the fascinating streets and attractions of Bahawalpur, a city where modernism and history blend to produce a mesmerizing experience that wins over the hearts of everyone who visit

Bahawalpur Urban Population

Situated within Pakistan’s Punjab province, Tehsil Bahawalpur, is a city of notable demographic and geographical significance. As of the 2023 census, the population of Bahawalpur was recorded at 920,111 individuals. However, recent statistics indicate substantial growth, with the current metro area population reaching 945,000 in 2024, reflecting a noteworthy growth rate of 2.87%. This places Bahawalpur as the 11th most populous city in Pakistan.

What sets Bahawalpur apart is not only its population but also its expansive land area, making it the largest city in terms of geographical expanse. Nestled within the vast Cholistan Desert, which is the largest desert in the Punjab region, Bahawalpur’s location adds a distinctive element to its character.

To provide a historical perspective on the city’s population trends, the chart and table below illustrate the population levels and growth rates of the metropolitan region from 1950 to 2022. Furthermore, for those interested in future projections, demographic forecasts by the United Nations extend up to the year 2035.

Bahawalpur’s dynamic growth and unique geographical setting make it an integral part of Pakistan’s urban landscape, contributing not only to its demographic tapestry but also to its cultural and economic vibrancy.


Professions of the Bahawalpuri People

Agriculture and Livestock Farming

Tehsil Bahawalpur’s economy has always been based mostly on agriculture, which provides the majority of the region’s revenue. The region is well known for its rich soil, which offers the perfect conditions for growing a wide variety of crops. Cotton, wheat, sugarcane, and a variety of fruits are among the crops farmed; all of them produce substantial benefits to the local economy.
Tehsil Bahawalpur’s agricultural sector thrives because to the Indus River and its tributaries, which are essential for irrigating the region’s farmlands. This dependable source of water guarantees a steady and sufficient supply of water for crops, promoting agricultural sustainability and productivity.

Livestock farming is an essential economic activity in Bahawalpur, in addition to crop cultivation. The raising of cattle, buffalo, and poultry is a long-standing custom in the area. Livestock production supports both external trade and domestic consumption. Livestock goods, including meat, dairy, and poultry, are essential to the local economy since they offer chances for larger-scale trade as well as nourishment for the local populace. Livestock production plays a dual role in strengthening Bahawalpur’s standing in the agricultural sector and enhancing its economic diversification.

Trade and Commerce

Renowned for its prominence, Tehsil Bahawalpur serves as a vital commercial center that meets the financial demands of the neighboring areas. The existence of a wide range of retail establishments, lively marketplaces, and a network of minor industries all serve to highlight the city’s importance in trade and commerce. All of these activities together make up a significant portion of Bahawalpur’s economy and significantly increase the city’s total revenue. Bahawalpur’s unique location as a commercial hub promotes economic growth and sustainability by facilitating both intra- and interregional trade.

Oil and Gas Exploration

Significant progress in the oil and gas industry has been made in the region surrounding Bahawalpur. This region’s exploration and production activities are a major economic engine, providing observable advantages for the community’s economy. These projects not only produce significant revenue streams but also job possibilities. The existence of oil and gas exploration activities contributes to Bahawalpur’s resilience and potential for long-term growth by diversifying the city’s economy. The industry has a significant impact outside of the immediate area, making Bahawalpur an important player in the national and global energy scene.

Textile Industry

An important pillar of Bahawalpur’s economy, the textile sector has a significant impact on the city’s economic growth. Many textile mills that are essential to the creation of textiles, clothing, and other textile items are located in Bahawalpur. In addition to its direct economic impact, this industry is a major employer, giving a large proportion of the local labor force options. Moreover, the textile industry is crucial in supporting the export industry and enhancing the city’s worldwide economic influence. The complex relationship between manufacturing, creating jobs, and exporting makes Bahawalpur a significant player in the larger textile market.

Education and Services Sector

With multiple prestigious universities and other educational facilities, Bahawalpur has made a name for itself as a center of education. This emphasis on education has significant economic benefits in addition to enhancing the city’s intellectual environment. The services industry, which includes professional, healthcare, and hospitality services, becomes an important part of Bahawalpur’s economy. The provision of medical facilities and services by the healthcare business enhances the general health of the populace. In addition to providing lodging, the hospitality sector—which includes hotels and other services—also helps the regional tourism economy. Expertise-based professional services add to the city’s economic portfolio diversification. This combination of services and education makes Bahawalpur a vibrant, multidimensional hub that promotes both intellectual and economic development.

Tourism in Bahawalpur

Bahawalpur’s rich historical and cultural legacy is the main attraction that draws tourists from all over the world. The Noor Mahal and Derawar Fort, two architectural icons that bear witness to the city’s illustrious past, are particularly noteworthy. In Bahawalpur, the tourism industry is essential to supporting the local economy. From hotels to guesthouses, lodgings benefit greatly from the flood of visitors and serve as a major source of income. In addition, eateries and other associated services meet the demands and tastes of tourists, which boosts the city’s economy even more. Bahawalpur’s position as a major participant in the tourist industry is enhanced by the synergy between historical significance and tourism-related activities, hence elevating its cultural and economic stature.

Channan Peer Mela - Tehsil Bahawalpur City in District Bahawalpur

Government Sector

In Bahawalpur, the public sector is heavily involved in a number of areas, including public administration, healthcare, and education. In addition to carrying out crucial public service duties, this industry makes a significant contribution to the city’s economy. The local job market is heavily dependent on employment prospects in the government sector, which include administrative roles, healthcare professions, and educational positions. In addition, the city’s revenue is directly impacted by the funds the government allots for infrastructure development and public services. The government’s diverse participation highlights its role as a key player in the socioeconomic development of Bahawalpur, promoting stable finances and employment opportunities.

In summary, the economy of Bahawalpur is varied, with important roles played by trade, industry, services, and agriculture. The city’s strategic location and historical and cultural significance both add to the diverse range of revenue streams that it generates.

Tehsil Bahawalpur City Map

Tehsil Bahawalpur-City-Map

Important Links

City Police Official Numbers

SDPO Office: 062-9255370

PS Kotwali: 062-2882115

PS Civil Lines: 062-9250375

PS Cantt: 062-9255258

PS Baghdad-ul-Jadeed: 062-2200400

Satellite Town: 062-9239047

Cantonment Board Number

 Office No: 062-9255311

Address: Cantonment Board Office,

Ahmedpur Road, Near Gulzar-e-Sadiq Bahawalpur.

Email Address: [email protected]

Website: www.cbbwp.gov.pk

NADRA Executive Office Bahawalpur

Address: Noor Mahal Roadd, Muhammadia Colony, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan Phone:  (062) 9255544

Website: www.nadra.gov.pk