Bahawalpur as A Division
Formerly the royal Bahawalpur State seat, Bahawalpur is presently Pakistan’s eleventh-largest metropolitan. District Bahawalpur, Bahawalnagar, and Rahimyar Khan are included in the Punjab Province’s Bahawalpur Division.
The Rajputana states, include the modern-day states of Rajasthan, India). Famous palaces in the city include the Noor Mahal and Sadiq Garh Palace, Darbar Mahal, and the historic fort of Derawar, all of which are situated in Cholistan India’s border is a desert. Additionally, the city is close to several historic and ancient cities.
The ancient cities of Uch and Harappa served as a bastion for the Delhi Sultanate and the Indus Valley Culture. The city is home to one of the country’s few Natural Safari parks. Lal Suhanra National Park, the nation. Its six Tehsils are as follows:
The city of Bahawalpur, the former princely state of Bahawalpur’s capital, is 889 kilometers from Karachi. Bahawalpur is situated in the southeast of Punjab. A fertile alluvial area in the Sutlej River valley, known as the Sindh, is located west of Bahawalpur and surrounded by date palm plantations. Floodwaters water the river Sindh. Dates, cotton, sugarcane, wheat, and gram are the main crops. For exporting the wool and hides from this region, sheep and cattle farming is the profession of rural residents.
The Pat, also known as the Bar, is a land parcel to the east of Bahawalpur that is significantly higher than the nearby plains. Its main agricultural products are wheat, cotton, and sugarcane. The Sutlej inundation canals irrigate the arid region. The Rohi, or the Cholistan, is a barren desert tract farther east still inhabited by nomads. It is bordered east and west by the Hakra depression and has mound ruins of previous villages along its high banks. Baluchi and Jat people make up most of the population in the Bahawalpur area. Numerous historic places can be found nearby, such as Uch, a historic town that dates back to the Indo-Scythian (Yüeh-Chih) settlement, which is southwest of Bahawalpur (c. 128 BC to AD 450).
Tehsils of Bahawalpur Division
Tehsils of Bahawalpur District
Tehsils of Rahimyar Khan District
Tehsils of Bahawalnagar District
Population Of Bahawalpur Division As Per Censuses Of 2017
According to the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics from 2017, the Bahawalpur Division has a total population of 11,464,031, with a 2.18 annual average growth rate in the population. This total population includes 2,824,990 urban heads and 8,639,041 Rural inhabitants. There are 2,981,919 people living in the district of Bahawalpur. There are 1,171,258 people living in the district’s urban areas, while there are 2,496,848 people living in rural areas. Similarly, district Bahawalnagar has a 621,096 urban population and 2,360,823 rural people. In the district of Rahimyar Khan, there were 1,032,636 people living in urban areas and 3,781,370 people living in rural areas.
Climate Of The Region
The climate is characterized by being quite hot and dry for the most part. During the summer, daytime temperatures can exceed 50 degrees Celsius, while the evenings are typically 10 degrees Fahrenheit lower. There is not a lot of precipitation in the area around the city because it is situated in an arid region. In both the summer and the winter, the weather can reach extremely severe levels. There has been a relatively little amount of rainfall. The annual rainfall is typically between 20 and 25 centimeters.
In terms of population, Bahawalpur is one of the most populous districts in Punjab and covers a total area of 24 830 square kilometers. It also has certain peculiar topographic and geographical features as well as a peculiar population. At a height of 152 meters above mean sea level, the District may be found in what is essentially the geographic center of the country. The population of the Bahawalpur District has increased from 2,433,091 in 1998 to 3,668,106 in 2017 at an annual growth rate of 2.18%, which is higher than the growth rate of 2.13% for the entire state of Punjab.
The Greater Cholistan (Rohi)
The Cholistan, or Rohi as it’s known in the area, is a desert in southern Punjab, Pakistan, and a part of the Greater Thar Desert that stretches from Sindh province to the Indian state of Rajasthan. It’s a major desert in Punjab, together with the Thal Desert. The name is a combination of the Turkic word for “sands” (chol) and the Persian word for “land” (istan).
Ancient Cholistan features a high concentration of villages from the Indus Valley Civilization, which flourished there beginning as early as 4000 BCE, thanks to the region’s lush soil and a major river nourished by meltwater from the Himalayas. Later, the area flourished as a caravan trading hub, prompting the construction of multiple forts along the well-known caravan route during the Middle Ages, the Derawar Fort.
Cholistan encompasses the southern Punjabi districts of Bahawalpur, Bahawalnagar, and Rahim Yar Khan, totaling an area of 25,800 km2 (10,000 sq mi). Bahawalpur, located 30 km (19 mi) from the desert’s edge, is the closest large city. Distance-wise, the desert totals around 480 kilometers, while its width ranges from roughly 32 to 192 kilometers. Alluvial flats and tiny dunes make up about 19% of the desert, whereas 81% is sandy. Wind erosion caused by a lack of flora over the region has led to its gradual desertification.
The Cholistan, which is currently dry, used to be traversed by a major river produced from the confluence of the Sutlej and Yamuna. Many Indus Valley/Harappan culture sites, such as the sizable urban site of Ganweriwal, have been uncovered along the dry bed of the Hakra River, which runs through the area. In the years between 4000 B.C.E. and 600 B.C.E., when the river changed its course, it helped sustain populations in the area. There was a lot of water in the river, and it ran at least as far as the current day site of Derawar Fort.
Over 400 Harappan sites were documented in the Cholistan by the 1970s, and another 37 were added to the list by the 1990s. The Cholistan may have been one of the most prosperous areas of the Indus Valley Civilization due to the abundance of human dwellings there. In the era following the decline of the Harappan civilization, Cholistan became a component of the Cemetery H culture, a regional offshoot of Harappanism. That was afterward succeeded by the people of the Painted Grey Ware civilization.
Due to its importance as a caravan route, the area was fortified heavily during the Middle Ages, with the Derawar Fort being the best-preserved of these structures. The Cholistan is home to many other massive forts, including Meergarh, Jaangarh, Marotgarh, Maujgarh, Dingarh, Khangarh, Khairgarh, Bijnotgarh, and Islamgarh (the suffix “garh” means “fort”). Located about 40 miles to the south, these forts generally follow the course of the Indus and Sutlej rivers and are on the Tentative List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Bara, Bhagla, Duheinwala, Falji, Kandera, Liara, Murid, Machki, Nawankot, and Phulra forts are among the smaller forts in the region.
As was stated earlier, the Indus Valley has always been inhabited by nomadic tribes that wander from place to place. These tribes enjoy living in remote areas because it allows them to live without interference from outsiders, which in turn allows them to develop their own cultures that are distinct from any other. The Cholistan was likewise shielded from other cultures’ impact until the time of the Mughal empire.
The citizens of Cholistan strongly prefer jewelry, particularly gold-based pieces. The Nath (nosegay), Katmala (necklace), Kangan (bracelet), and Pazeb (bangle) are some of the most prominent jewelry that they create and put on (anklets). The Cholistan is also known for the production of bangles made of gold and silver. The natives of the area similarly work with enamel, producing enamel buttons, earrings, bangles, and rings.